Before you enter this course, read carefully this overview, course evaluation, course assignments, course mechanics, and self-check activities.
Course Title: Introduction to Logic
Instructor: Professor Ronald C. Pine, Ph.D.
Course Credits: 3
Course Description: The course develops basic
of analysis and an understanding of the principles and concepts
in clear thinking. Emphasized will be logical validity, deductive
and inductive reasoning, fallacious arguments, symbolic logic, and
method as applied to criteria of reasonable evidence.
This course fulfills the Symbolic Reasoning requirement for the Foundation requirement for Honolulu Community College and the University of Hawaii at Manoa. See the Manoa General Education requirements.
Prerequisites or Recommended Preparation: Should be able to read and write at the college level (Eng. 22 or 100), and possess basic Internet skills.
Course Purpose: Because we live in a highly technological society, students should gain a basic understanding and appreciation of formal reasoning and its connection with the informal reasoning of every day life. Students should also gain an understanding of the basic software foundations for our machines (computers, game consoles, cell phones, etc.), and the process of putting human thoughts into these machines. Additionally, the course is based on the assumption that the less we think critically the more someone else will think for us -- usually with the intention of manipulating us. From this point of view, logic can be viewed as a defensive tool enabling each of us to defend ourselves against the onslaught of persuasive appeals that bombard our minds daily. As such it is an important element in the development of individual potential -- enabling us to be freer and more decisive individuals.
Course Objectives and
Student Learning Outcomes: Students will
demonstrate an understanding of the beauty and power of symbolic systems, as well as their clarity and precision, through use of techniques of logical analysis, with the intention of enhancing the student's reasoning skills and appreciation of abstraction, pattern recognition, and formal systems of analysis
Course Content and Schedule: Below is the 16-week
For summer see the Ten-Week
||Chapter 1: Introduction and key terminology -- valid, invalid, and sound deductive arguments.|
||Continuation of Chapter 1 -- Exercises I and III.|
||Chapter 2: Recognizing arguments, uses of language, and reliable beliefs -- Exercises I and II.|
||Chapter 3: Inductive reasoning and reliable beliefs -- Exercises I, II, and III.|
||Chapter 4: Informal Fallacies -- fallacies of relevance. Exercises I and II.|
||Chapter 5: Informal Fallacies -- fallacies of questionable premise, weak induction, and presumption. Exercises I and II. Exam on Chapters 1-5 = 120pts.|
||Chapter 7: Symbolic Translation. Exercises I, II, and III.|
||Chapter 8: Truth Tables. Exercises I and II.|
||Chapter 8: Truth Tables. Exercises III and IV.|
||Chapter 9: Formal Proofs of Validity -- Step 1 Exercise.|
||Chapter 9: Formal Proofs of Validity -- Step 2 Exercise.|
||Chapter 9: Formal Proofs of Validity -- Step 3 Exercise and translations (pp. 316-318)|
||Chapter 10: Formal Proofs of Validity -- Step 4 Exercise.|
||Chapter 10: Formal Proofs of Validity -- Step 5 Exercise.|
||Chapter 10: Formal Proofs of Validity -- Step 6 Exercise and translations (pp. 347-350)|
||Chapter 12: Fuzzy Logic. Final Exam = 200 pts.|