Class Hrs: 1 hour in class = 2 hours outside class
Ronald C. Pine, Ph.D.
7, Rm 625
845-9163 (& voice mail)
Web: Ron's Web Page
Recommended Prerequisite: Should be able to read and write at the College level. Since the ability to comprehend what you read is a prerequisite skill in logical reasoning, students are advised to take the necessary English courses either prior to or concurrently with Phil. 110.
Texts: Essential Logic: Basic Reasoning Skills For the Twenty-First Century, by Ronald C. Pine
The course develops basic techniques
of analysis and an understanding
of the principles and concepts involved in clear thinking.
will be logical validity, deductive and inductive reasoning, fallacious
arguments, symbolic logic, and scientific method as applied to criteria
of reasonable evidence.
This course fulfills the Symbolic
Reasoning requirement for the Foundation requirement for Honolulu
Community College and the University of Hawaii at Manoa. See the
Because we live in a highly technological society, students should gain a basic understanding and appreciation of formal reasoning and its connection with the informal reasoning of every day life. Students should also gain an understanding of the basic software foundations for our machines (computers, game consoles, cell phones, etc.), and the process of putting human thoughts into these machines. Additionally, the course is based on the assumption that the less we think critically the more someone else will think for us -- usually with the intention of manipulating us. From this point of view, logic can be viewed as a defensive tool enabling each of us to defend ourselves against the onslaught of persuasive appeals that bombard our minds daily. As such it is an important element in the development of individual potential -- enabling us to be freer and more decisive individuals.
Course Objectives and
Student Learning Outcomes: Students will
demonstrate an understanding of the beauty and power of symbolic systems, as well as their clarity and precision, through use of techniques of logical analysis, with the intention of enhancing the student's reasoning skills and appreciation of abstraction, pattern recognition, and formal systems of analysis
A. Introductory lectures covering basic terminology. (15%; Chapters 1-3)
Fallacies to be learned.
|1. Appeals to Authority||11. Ad Hominem Abusive|
|2. Appeals to Popularity||12. Ad Hominem Circumstantial|
|3. Appeals to Loyalty||13. Questionable Dilemma|
|4. Provincialism||14. Straw Person|
|5. Traditional Wisdom||15. Suppressed Evidence|
|6. Two Wrongs Make a Right||16. Ambiguity-Equivocation|
|7. Hasty Conclusion||17. Begging the Question|
|8. Questionable Cause||18. Irrelevant Reason|
|9. Questionable Analogy||19. Complex Question|
|10. Slippery Slope||20. Appeal to Ignorance|
C. Basic skills of symbolic logic. Although the material will be presented by lecture and class handouts, a significant proportion of the work will consist of student learning groups. Students will often be asked to form groups and compare answers to homework problems. (70%, Chapters 7-10)
Since this course involves a step by step introduction of material, class attendance is very important. There will be ten quizzes (20pts. each = 200 pts.), one exam on informal fallacies (100 pts.), and a final exam covering symbolic logic (150 pts.). There will be no make-ups of individual quizzes, but there will be an extra-credit-day (50 pts.) prior to the final. Points gained on the extra-credit-day can be used to make up the points of missed quizzes, provided that a student has a good reason for missing a quiz and has communicated that reason to the instructor. Also, with the exception of the "A" grade, extra credit points can be used to boost a student's final grade one letter grade. Regular class attendance and participation in collaboration activities are important in borderline cases. This will be explained further in class. The final grade will be based on a percentage of the total points as follows:
90-100%---APlease note that the "N" and "Inc." grades are given only for special circumstances.
54%----F, N or Inc.
Qualified students with disabilities will receive appropriate accommodations in this course. Students with disabilities may obtain information on available services online at honolulu.hawaii.edu/disability. Specific inquires may be made by contacting Student ACCESS at 844-2392, by e-mail at email@example.com, or by simply stopping by the office located in 2/409.
Lecture and Text Supplements