class fulfills a Foundation Requirement in Symbolic
Reasoning and articulates with UH Manoa's Philosophy 110
Instructor: Ronald C. Pine, PhD
office: Bldg 7, Rm 625
phone: 845-9163 (& voice mail)
Home Page: Ron's Web Page
- 1 hour in class = 2 hours outside class
- Should be able to read and write at the College level.
- Since the ability to comprehend what you read is a
prerequisite skill in logical reasoning, students are
advised to take the necessary English courses either
prior to or concurrently with Phil. 110.
- The course develops basic techniques of analysis and
an understanding of the principles and concepts involved
in clear thinking. Emphasized will be logical validity,
deductive and inductive reasoning, fallacious arguments,
symbolic logic, and scientific method as applied to
criteria of reasonable evidence.
This course fulfills the Symbolic Reasoning requirement
for the Foundation requirement for Honolulu Community
College and the University of Hawaii at Manoa. See the Manoa General Education requirements.
- Because we live in a highly technological society,
students should gain a basic understanding and
appreciation of formal reasoning and its connection with
the informal reasoning of every day life. Students
should also gain an understanding of the basic software
foundations for our machines (computers, game consoles,
cell phones, etc.), and the process of putting human
thoughts into these machines. Additionally, the course
is based on the assumption that the less we think
critically the more someone else will think for us --
usually with the intention of manipulating us. From this
point of view, logic can be viewed as a defensive tool
enabling each of us to defend ourselves against the
onslaught of persuasive appeals that bombard our minds
daily. As such it is an important element in the
development of individual potential -- enabling us to be
freer and more decisive individuals.
||Course Objectives and Outcomes: Students will:
- demonstrate an understanding of the beauty and power
of symbolic systems, as well as their clarity and
precision, through use of techniques of logical and
quantitative analysis, with the intention of enhancing
the student's reasoning skills and appreciation of
abstraction, pattern recognition, and formal systems of
- demonstrate an understanding the concept of logical
proof as a chain of inferences by producing symbolic
chains of inferences of their own.
- demonstrate skill in hypothetical reasoning, and gain
experience in the presentation and critical evaluation
- demonstrate an ability to use symbolic techniques and
formal rules in the context of problem solving by
applying symbolic analysis techniques (translating,
formal proof techniques, truth tables, argument pattern
recognition) both to informal (fallacies) and formal
A. Introductory lectures
covering basic terminology. (10%; Chapters 1-3)
B. Common logical (informal)
fallacies. (15%, Chapters 4-5).
- Reading carefully -- recognizing arguments and
- Argument analysis -- premises and conclusions.
- Deductive and Inductive reasoning.
- Valid, Invalid, and Sound arguments.
Although this part of the course is on informal fallacies,
it will emphasize the formal (symbolic) patterns of
- Fallacies of Relevance
- Fallacies of Questionable
- Fallacies of Weak Induction
C. Basic skills of symbolic
logic. (70%, Chapters 7-12)
1. Symbolic Translation
2. Truth Tables
3. Formal Proofs of Validity (Copi's Nineteen Rules of
4. Quantification Logic
5. Multivalued (Fuzzy) Logic
- Since this course involves a step by step introduction
of material, class attendance is very important.
- There will be twelve quizzes (20pts. each = 240 pts.),
one exam on informal fallacies (100 pts.), and a final
exam covering symbolic logic (160 pts.).
- There will be no make-ups of individual quizzes, but
there will be an extra-credit-day (50 pts.) prior to the
- Points gained on the extra-credit-day can be used to
make up the points of missed quizzes, provided
that a student has a good reason for missing a quiz
and has communicated that reason to the instructor.
- Also, with the exception of the "A" grade, extra
credit points can be used to boost a student's final
grade one letter grade.
- Regular class attendance and participation in
collaboration activities are important in borderline
- This will be explained further in class. The final
grade will be based on a percentage of the total points
- 100-90% = A
- 89-80% = B
- 79-66% = C
- 65-55% = D
- 54% = F, N or Inc.
- Please note that the "N" and "Inc." grades are given
only for special circumstances.
Special Note: Students with
disabilities may obtain information on available
services online at
inquires may be made by contacting Student ACCESS at
(808) 844-2392 voice/text, by e-mail at
firstname.lastname@example.org, or simply stopping by Student
ACCESS located in Bldg. 7, Rm. 319.
| Advise: How to be Successful in this Class